"Appropriate technology" is generally defined as technology deemed suitable for local needs. It aims to have an environmentally sound technology and encourages local participation.
Sharing appropriate technology means giving access to the environmentally-sound technologies that encourage active local participation in green growth. The ASEM Inclusive Eco-Innovation Programme aims to foster eco-friendly SMEs in least developed countries (LDC) by assisting them in environmentally-conscious economic and technological development.
It integrates the social, economic and environmental dimensions of sustainable development through transfer of appropriate technology specifically tailored to the actual needs of local people and designed to suit the local conditions of the rural community. From 2011 to 2014, this project provided capacity building and institutional strengthening programs which accelerated entrepreneurship to bring technology to markets and help potential SMEs to develop sustainable business models for the purpose to create jobs and values. In 2015, this program is planned to transform into an "Eco-Innovation Technology Platform", which aims to accelerate use of eco-innovation technology in SMEs and to provide sustainable solutions to SMEs of ASEM member countries.
According to the World Bank data in 2009, only six percent of Cambodia's rural population has access to electricity. Most people at the bottom of the economic pyramid rely heavily on firewood for cooking, which poses serious environmental and health-related threats. This project is linked to the country program of the Global Green Growth Institute(GGGI) for Cambodia. The target consumers for the solar cooker are individuals from lower income brackets in the rural areas in Cambodia, where 79.9 percent of the households live, according to the Cambodia Socio Economic Survey in 2004. Since the process of encouraging the villagers to adopt the technology in their daily lives requires enormous efforts, the project capitalized on the bottom-up approach by utilizing the Institute of Sustainable Agriculture and Community Development(ISAC) to build a strong bond with the local community.
The Cambodia project in 2011 seeks to address these issues through the adoption and demonstration of appropriate technologies. The initiative involved manufacturing twenty solar cookers and constructing twenty mini waste incinerators, which are especially designed to suit the local conditions of the community around Phnom Penh. The project in 2012 plans to set up 100 solar cookers and 60 sets of micro solar home system (SHS) in Takeo through the local 'Appropriate Technology Center', while encouraging local entrepreneurship. Also, the project plans to provide four units of improved solar dryer system to where local demands for crop drying system are high.
The project in 2013 has been carried out the Green Eco-preneurship Accelerated program to foster entrepre neurship hands-in experience. 60 people were trained and the team who are the 'Appropriate Technology Center' participated and drew their business model and plan. In 2014, ASEIC held an investor relations conference to provide prospective entrepreneurs (teams) in Cambodia, where financial support for SMEs is lacking, with a valuable opportunity to attract potential investments.
Based on experience in Cambodia, a project was launched to boost local entrepreneurship by using appropriate technology. ASEIC carries out the programme in phases to provide systematic support for local SMEs. In Phase 1, the target companies participate in the Green Eco-preneurship Accelerated Program, in which they learn how to develop green business models; in Phase 2, they are counseled on how to put their business models-which incorporate eco-friendly appropriate technologies-into action; and in Phase 3, the companies attend an investor relations conference to reach out for the financial support they need to carry out their goals.
In 2014, the programme was carried out in Lao People's Democratic Republic and Cambodia, both ASEM member countries. Laos, which joined the programme for the first time, began in Phase 1, while Cambodia accelerated to Phase 3 as the programme had been conducted in the country previously.