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Montreal Protocol on Substances That Deplete the Ozone Layer
- The Protocol took effect in January 1989. Professor F.S. Lowland raised the issue of depletion of the ozone layer in 1974, which then emerged as a global issue. The Montreal Protocol was officially signed in Montreal, Canada, in 1986. The Protocol aims to control the production and use of substances that deplete the ozone layer, and covers matters related to the phased reduction of CFC, trade disadvantages for non-adhering countries, and the reassessment of scientific, environmental, technological and economic nformation on regulations at four-year intervals from 1990.
- Only 5 CFC items and 3 Halons were designated as substances to be controlled when the Montreal Protocol took effect, but the need to strengthen regulations for the effective protection of the ozone layer was raised.
- Phased reduction of CFC and trade sanctions on non-adhering countries
- Regulations have been reassessed based on the maximum available scientific, environmental, technological and economic information at four-year intervals since 1990 (different timelines applied to advanced countries and developing countries)
- Substances to Be Controlled: CFCs, HCFCs, Halons, Methyl bromide, Carbon tetrachloride, Methyl chloroform and Bromochloromethane
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