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Rotterdam convention

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Title Rotterdam convention
Description

Rotterdam Convention on the Prior Informed Consent Procedure for Certain Hazardous Chemicals and Pesticides in International Trade

The Rotterdam Convention, a multilateral environment agreement, provides obligations on the import and export of certain hazardous chemicals. Signatory countries (including Australia) are empowered, through virtue of membership, to make informed decisions about the chemicals they want to receive, and to exclude those they believe they cannot manage safely.The convention's objective is to promote shared responsibility and cooperative efforts among parties in the international trade of these chemicals so as to protect human health and the environment, and contribute to the environmentally sound use of chemicals.

The Rotterdam Convention entered into force on 24 February 2004, at which time it became legally binding for its parties.The chemicals eligible for inclusion are industrial chemicals and pesticides that a country has banned or severely restricted due to public health and environmental concerns.

Objective

The objective of this Convention is to promote shared responsibility and cooperative efforts among Parties in the international trade of certain hazardous chemicals in order to protect human health and the environment from potential harm and to contribute to their environmentally sound use, by facilitating information exchange about their characteristics, by providing for a national decision-making process on their import and export and by disseminating these decisions to Parties.

Descriptions

Main provisions of the Convention:

- The Convention establishes the principle that export of a chemical covered by the Convention can only take place with the prior informed consent of the importing party.

- The Convention establishes a "Prior Informed Consent procedure," a means for formally obtaining and disseminating the decisions of importing countries as to whether they wish to receive future shipments of specified chemicals and for ensuring compliance with these decisions by exporting countries.

- The Convention also contains provisions for the exchange of information among parties about potentially hazardous chemicals that may be exported and imported.

- The Convention covers pesticides and industrial chemicals that have been banned or severely restricted for health or environmental reasons by parties and which have been notified by parties for inclusion in the PIC procedure.

- One notification from each of two specified regions triggers consideration of addition of a chemical to the list of products subject to the PIC procedure, these regions being determined by the Conference of Parties at its first meeting.

- Severely hazardous pesticide formulations that present a hazard under conditions of use in developing countries or countries with economies in transition may also be nominated for the PIC procedure.

Prior informed consent (PIC)

The PIC procedure applies to the chemicals listed in Annex III of the convention. For each chemical, a Decision Guidance Document is prepared and sent to all parties, with a request that they decide whether to allow the chemical to be imported. These decisions, known as import responses, are sent to the convention's secretariat.

The secretariat compiles the import decisions and circulates them to all parties every six months through the PIC Circular. The PIC Circular also contains information on national final regulatory actions to ban or severely restrict chemicals; proposals for hazardous pesticide formulations submitted by parties; a current list of chemicals subject to the PIC procedure; and a list of parties that have not provided import decisions.

All parties are required to ensure that chemicals subject to the PIC procedure are not exported contrary to the decision of an importing party. This means that a chemical will not be exported to a party that has indicated it does not wish to receive imports of the chemical. If the importing party has indicated it will allow import subject to certain condition(s), then the exporting party must ensure these condition(s) are met.

Information exchange

Opportunities for information exchange cover a broad range of chemicals, including those listed in Annex III of the convention and those that have been banned or severely restricted by any party. In addition, Article 14 mandates a general exchange of scientific or regulatory information 'relevant to the objectives of the convention' and of potential interest to regulators around the world.

Convention provisions provide opportunities to obtain information on potentially hazardous chemicals and to share information and experience with countries facing similar concerns. The most important tools for information exchange include the PIC Circular, export notifications, decision guidance documents, the network of Designated National Authorities and the Rotterdam Convention website.

Article 13 of the Rotterdam Convention outlines the information that is to accompany exported chemicals, both those included in Annex III and those banned or severely restricted for export. The purpose of Article 13 is to ensure information on chemicals is provided to importing parties to help them minimise risks to human health and the environment.

Specific requirements include:
Specific harmonized system customs codes for chemicals in Annex III assigned by the World Customs Organization
Labelling that provides adequate information on the hazards and risks posed by the chemical to human health and the environment, and
A copy of an up-to-date safety data sheet, in an internationally recognised format, to be sent to the importer (the information on the safety data sheet and labelling should be in the official language of the importing country as far as is practicable).

Annex III_Chemicals subject to the prior informed consent procedure

Chemical Relevant Cas number(s) Category
2,4,5-T and its salts and esters 93-76-5* Pesticide
Alachlor 15972-60-8 Pesticide
Aldicarb 116-06-3 Pesticide
Aldrin 309-00-2 Pesticide
Azinphos-methyl 86-50-0 Pesticide
Binapacyl 485-31-4 Pesticide
Captafol 2425-06-1 Pesticide
Chlordane 57-74-9 Pesticide
Chlordimeform 6164-98-3 Pesticide
Chlorobenzilate 510-15-6 Pesticide
DDT 50-29-3 Pesticide
Dieldrin 60-57-1 Pesticide
Dinitro-ortho-cresol (DNOC) and its salts
(such as ammonium salt, potassium salt and sodium salt)
534-52-1
2980-64-5
5787-96-2
2312-76-7
Pesticide
Dinoseb and its salts and esters 88-85-7* Pesticide
1,2-dibromoethane (EDB) 106-93-4 Pesticide
Endosulfan 115-29-7 Pesticide
Ethylene dichloride 107-06-2 Pesticide
Ethylene oxide 75-21-8 Pesticide
Fluoroacetamide 640-19-7 Pesticide
HCH (mixed isomers) 608-73-1 Pesticide
Heptachlor 76-44-8 Pesticide
Hexachlorobenzene 118-74-1 Pesticide
Lindane 58-89-9 Pesticide
Mercury compounds, including
inorganic mercury compounds,
alkyl mercury compounds and
alkyloxyalkyl and aryl mercury compounds
Pesticide
Monocrotophos 6923-22-4 Pesticide
Parathion Pesticide
Pentachlorophenol and its salts and esters Pesticide
Toxaphene Pesticide
All tributyltin compounds
including:
– Tributyltin oxide
– Tributyltin fluoride
– Tributyltin methacrylate
– Tributyltin benzoate
– Tributyltin chloride
– Tributyltin linoleate
– Tributyltin naphthenate
56-35-9
1983-10-4
2155-70-6
4342-36-3
1461-22-9
24124-25-2
85409-17-2
Pesticide
Dustable powder formulations
containing a combination of:
– Benomyl at or above 7 per cent,
– Carbofuran at or above 10 per cent, and
– Thiram at or above 15 per cent
17804-35-2
1563-66-2
137-26-8
Severely
hazardous
pesticide
formulation
Methamidophos
(soluble liquid formulations of the substance that exceed 600 g active ingredient/l)
10265-92-6 Severely
hazardous
pesticide
formulation
Phosphamidon
(soluble liquid formulations of the substance that exceed 1,000 g active ingredient/l)
13171-21-6
(mixture, (E) & (Z) isomers)
23783-98-4
((Z)-isomer) 297-99-4 ((E)-isomer)
Severely
hazardous
pesticide
formulation
Methyl-parathion
(emulsifiable concentrates (EC) at or above 19.5% active ingredient and dusts at or above 1.5% active ingredient)
298-00-0 Severely
hazardous
pesticide
formulation
Asbestos:
– Actinolite
– Anthophyllite
– Amosite
– Crocidolite
– Tremolite
77536-66-4
77536-67-5
12172-73-5
12001-28-4
77536-68-6
Industrial
Industrial
Industrial
Industrial
Industrial
Commercial octabromodiphenyl
ether including:
– Hexabromodiphenyl ether
– Heptabromodiphenyl ether
36483-60-0
68928-80-3
Industrial
Commercial pentabromodiphenyl
ether including:
– Tetrabromodiphenyl ether
– Pentabromodiphenyl ether
40088-47-9
32534-81-9
Industrial
Perfluorooctane sulfonic acid,
perfluorooctane sulfonates,
perfluorooctane sulfonamides
and perfluorooctane sulfonyls including:
-Perfluorooctane sulfonic acid
-Potassium perfluorooctane sulfonate
– Lithium perfluorooctane sulfonate
– Ammonium perfluorooctane sulfonate
– Diethanolammonium perfluorooctane sulfonate
– Tetraethylammonium perfluorooctane
sulfonate
– Didecyldimethylammonium perfluorooctane sulfonate
– N-Ethylperfluorooctane sulfonamide
– N-Methylperfluorooctane sulfonamide
– N-Ethyl-N-(2-hydroxyethyl)
perfluorooctane sulfonamide
– N-(2-hydroxyethyl)-
Nmethylperfluorooctane sulfonamide
-Perfluorooctane sulfonyl fluoride
1763-23-1
2795-39-3
29457-72-5
29081-56-9
70225-14-8

56773-42-3

251099-16-8

4151-50-2
31506-32-8
1691-99-2
24448-09-7


307-35-7
Industrial
Polybrominated biphenyls(PBB) 36355-01-8 (hexa-) 27858-07-7 (octa-) 13654-09-6 (deca-) Industrial
Polychlorinated biphenyls(PCB) 1336-36-3 Industrial
Polychlorinated terphenyls(PCT) 61788-33-8 Industrial
Tetraethyl lead 78-00-2 Industrial
Tetramethyl lead 75-74-1 Industrial
Tris (2,3-dibromopropyl)
phosphate
126-72-7 Industrial
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