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Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs)
- 23 May 2001: Representatives from over 130 countries gathered in Stockholm, Sweden, and held a conference for the global abolishment of POPs.
- 17 May 2004: The Convention took effect
- February 2007: 138 countries adhered to the Convention
- May 2009: Nine substances were added to the list of POPs at the 4th general meeting for the Stockholm Convention
- Based on the Precautionary Principle, the Convention aims to protect human health and the environment from POPs
- POPs (Persistent Organic Pollutants) are generally known as endocrine disrupters, and are artificially formed through production activities or waste treatment activities. Once taken into human bodies or ecosystems, POPs exist stably without breaking down, and cause changes in the body or ecosystem.
- The 1st List of POPs (12 substances)
The 2nd List of POPs (9 substances)
* PFOS: Perfluorooctane sulfonic acid
* PFOSF: Perfluorooctane sulfonyl fluoride
* Attachment A: Abolishment, Attachment B : Restrictions, Attachment C : Unintentionally formed substances
* PFOS evaluations at four-year intervals from 2015, applications with alternative technologies recognized are excluded from the permanent exemptions
Applications for permanent exemptions: Optical images, aircraft coatings, metal cleaning, medical devices, semiconductor coating and flame proof coatings Applications for special exemptions: Optical masks (semiconductors and LCDs), color printers, textiles, paper and carpets
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