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Stockholm Convention

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Title Stockholm Convention
Description

Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs)

- 23 May 2001: Representatives from over 130 countries gathered in Stockholm, Sweden, and held a conference for the global abolishment of POPs.

- 17 May 2004: The Convention took effect
(signed by 151 countries and ratified by 59 countries)

- February 2007: 138 countries adhered to the Convention

- May 2009: Nine substances were added to the list of POPs at the 4th general meeting for the Stockholm Convention

Descriptions

- Based on the Precautionary Principle, the Convention aims to protect human health and the environment from POPs

- POPs (Persistent Organic Pollutants) are generally known as endocrine disrupters, and are artificially formed through production activities or waste treatment activities. Once taken into human bodies or ecosystems, POPs exist stably without breaking down, and cause changes in the body or ecosystem.

- The 1st List of POPs (12 substances)

ChemicalSubstances
(CAS Number)
Attachment Toxicity Symptoms Applications Domestic Regulations
Pesticide Management Act Hazar dous Substance Management Act(Density) Waste Management Act Remarks
Aldrin
(309-00-2)
A Headache, anxiety, loss of appetite and vomiting Pesticides Registration
Cancelled/
Prohibited
('99)
Prohibited - -
Chlordane
(57-74-9)
A Cancer, migraine, chronic bron chitis and paranasal sinusitis Pesticides Registration
Cancelled/
Prohibited
('99)
Prohibited (1%) ('99) - -
Dieldrin
(60-57-1)
A Cancer, headache, anxiety, vom iting and loss of appetite Pesticides Registration
Cancelled/
Prohibited
('99)
Prohibited (0.1%) ('99) - -
Endrin
(72-20-8)
A Damage to neural systems, excitement and convulsion Pesticides Registration
Cancelled/
Prohibited
('99)
Prohibited (1%) ('99) - -
Heptachlor
(76-44-8)
A Cancer, damage to liver and neural systems Repellents Registration
Cancelled/
Prohibited
('99)
Prohibited (6%) ('99) - -
Mirex
(2358-85-5)
A Cancer, liver damage and scoliosis Flame
Proof
Agent
Pesti
cides
Texaphene
(8001-35-2)
A Cancer, breathing disorders and damage to lungs and liver Pesticides Registration
Cancelled/
Prohibited
('99)
Prohibited (1%) ('99) - -
Hexachloro
benzene
(118-74-1)
A, C Cancer, skin damage, stomachache and neuras thenia By-Product of Pesticides
Polychlcrinated biphenyls(PCB)
(1336-36-3)
A, C Liver disease, modification into intersex and memory disorders By-Product of Industrial Insulating Enamels - Prohibited (50 ppm) ('96) Designated Waste
(2 ppm or higher)
Prohibited in accordance with the Power Business Act
(1979)
DDT
(50-29-3)
B Cancer Pesticides Registration
Cancelled/
Prohibited
('99)
Prohibited (1%) - -
Polychl crinated dibenzo-p-dioxines
(PCDD)
C Cancer, liver disease and skin damage By-Product
(Incineration Processing)
- - Criteria for allowance of incineration facility emissions
(1997)
-
Polychl crinated dibenzo furans (PCDF)
(110-00-9)
C Cancer, liver disease and skin damage - - - Criteria for allowance of incineration facility emissions
(1997)
-

The 2nd List of POPs (9 substances)

Chemical Substances (CAS Number) Attachent Applications Status of Prohibition
Chlordecone(143050-0) A Pesticides Prohibited
Hexabromobiphenyl
(36355-01-8)
A Industrial
Substance
Prohibited
Lindane (58-89-9) A Lice and Acarid Control Specially Exempted
(for 10 years maximum)
a-Hexachlorocy dohexane (319-84-6) A Pesticides Prohibited
b-Hexachlorocy dohexane (319-85-7) A Industrial Substance (Repellents,
etc.)
Application for recycling of existing products is temporarily allowed (special exemptions expire in 2030)
hexabromodiphenyl ether(68631-49-2) &Heptabromodiphenyl ether(446255-22-7) A Industrial Substance (Flame Proof Agents, etc.) Application for recycling of existing products is temporarily allowed (special exemptions expire in 2030)
Pentachlorbenzene (608-93-5) A Pesticides Prohibited
C Unintentionally Formed Substances and Incineration By-Products Reduced
PFOD(1763-23-1), its salts & PFOSF(307-35-7) A Detergents, Flame Proof Agents, Optical Masks, etc. Permanently Exempted (Defined by Application) Specially Exempted (for 10 years maximum)

* PFOS: Perfluorooctane sulfonic acid

* PFOSF: Perfluorooctane sulfonyl fluoride

* Attachment A: Abolishment, Attachment B : Restrictions, Attachment C : Unintentionally formed substances

* PFOS evaluations at four-year intervals from 2015, applications with alternative technologies recognized are excluded from the permanent exemptions

Applications for permanent exemptions: Optical images, aircraft coatings, metal cleaning, medical devices, semiconductor coating and flame proof coatings Applications for special exemptions: Optical masks (semiconductors and LCDs), color printers, textiles, paper and carpets

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